Nawal el Saadawi Outspoken and prolific, el Saadawi b. I stood rooted to the ground, silent, motionless. The mutual imbrication of textual and scopic and to a lesser extent aural and oral structures of apprehension and resistance is a conceptual thread that weaves through this book. Visual media can also challenge the spectator position as invisible locus of power and reconstrue the implications of in visibility in different contexts. Faqir too, then, suggests fragile modes of resistance that only transiently breach the reduced physical and narrative space accorded to women in a society presented as enduringly patriarchal. Life just came to a standstill.

We should differ- entiate, then, between women who identify as Muslims and feminists, and feminists for whom Islam is the primary vehicle for redress of gender issues Islamic feminists. He also came to perceive hysteria as the sign of female desire rather than abuse see Sprengnether I will discuss many more instances in which testimony, ventriloquism, translation, in visibility, and oppositional looks are deployed in feminist projects that are sometimes, as here, wary of the act of representation itself. Isma meets Hajila in the local h. Since the veil completely covers the body and its extremities, it allows the one who wears it and who circulates outside underneath its cover, to be in turn a potential thief within the masculine space. Some of the authors, directors, and artists discussed in this book are rela- tively well known, although only two are the subject of monographs in English to date Malti-Douglas ; Hiddleston

In one case, the house has been turned into a museum, but its original Palestinian inhabitants are completely erased from the records.

This exemplifies what Trinh describes as territorialized knowledge: This modest conclusion has been foreshadowed and is still relatively empowering. The combination of racial and sexual differentiation in representational practice binds or consolidates the production of difference. The assistant was astonished. I view the work discussed in this chapter as representations of the complex passage of individuals into self-differentiation, subjectivity, and social identity dgyptiennes, analogically, as rewritings of collective counter- – narratives.

Like many of their male counterparts in the Islamist movement, they constitute a newly emer- ging alternative elite, modern educated but more formally Islamically oriented than their mothers and grandmothers. These include the use of female protagonists and an exposure of elisions in domin- ant historiography of the Franco-Algerian post colonial relationship.

With all the news about the Egyptian feminists marching in the streets and becoming government ministers, the Turkish women being pro- moted to all kinds of anlam positions, and our own Princess Aisha [daughter of Mohammed V] urging women, in both Arabic and French, to take up modern ways, courtyard life had become more unbearable to her than ever. Notably, lesbian desire, a dominant theme in second-wave Anglo-American feminism, has not fea- tured centrally to date, although representations of homosocial bonding are common.


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He describes his obsession, rendered more acute by her frequent absences, in the following manner: At times, women embed artistic practice in experience, authenticating testimonies to feminist strug- gle. It was my mother who taught me how to read and write. As if that were too much, as if it undermined the very roots of strength and hope of the future!

Activist Huda Shaarawi —while not the only influential feminist of the early twentieth century, tends to be cast as sui generis. In a later installation, Ziriab. As does Tuqan, Tawil identifies repressive gender norms with the elite classes, particularly in this Palestinian setting. Mernissi inverts this familiar trope, however. This violence is not only produced in the colonial encounter, but reproduced in a patriarchal postcolonial context.

A journalist and activist, Tawil wrote My Home, My Prison, first published induring a period of house arrest in by the Israeli authorities, the first stage in an attempt to censor her reports on West Bank experience under the Occupation.

This does not mean that either of the Ahlams are absent from the text. I had to show them in their own rhythm, in their own way of living and breathing.

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The mutual imbrication of textual and scopic and to a lesser extent aural and oral structures of apprehension and resistance is a conceptual thread that weaves through this book. How can you ever know what the true story is. The character Malika in Desperate Spring also attempts to resettle in Algeria in the s but refuses to tolerate the sexist atmosphere she finds there. Djebar went into self-elected exile during the civil war period and now divides her time between Europe and North America.

The novel opens with an imperative to identification within recognizable terms. No to Torture can also be interpreted as a challenge to definitions of the Algerian female body that had become increasingly monolithic by the s Lloyd From Constantine in the s, Khaled writes an epistolary-type account of and ostensibly to the much younger Ahlam after their brief and chaste love affair in Paris.

Their eyes, where I can see egyptkennes the drama has egyptisnnes forever, tell me that mine would be a superfluous gesture. Oil on canvas, part of No to Torture installation, —3. Privileging respectability, harmony, hygiene, and transparency, dominant attitudes were both racialized and classed How marvellous is the first step.


The first word I wrote was my name, Nawal.

The only real solution posited is to leave for those, like Malika, who are able to. As women middle-class travellers increased in number in the second half of the nineteenth century, a range of responses towards Muslim domestic ahlzm appeared which, nevertheless, tended to share a set of underlying values.

I loved my mother more than my father. Indeed, Lisa Suhair Majaj et al. Ironically, however, the next generation of women is complicit in perpetuating traditions that make it almost impossible for their own daughters to live autonomous lives. In doing so, they write women back into history in a manner which also teaches us how to read responsibly.

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I made love and the beautiful word my primary cause, believing that the Algerian character was sick and void within, that all the edifice and the revolutionary egyptienbes erected around it after independence would not help to construct it. Delacroix revisited once more: Gregory mobilizes a postcolonial critical framework in order to consider the ongoing ramifications of colonial history in its classic as well as contemporary forms. These processes, however, all involve a slow gaining of trust from her compatriots: There, despite egyptoennes resistance from the indigenous population, a vigorous policy of settlement and assimilation became entrenched.

Valassopoulos agrees, suggesting that we recognize a feminism that is transnational and locally reinscribed The imaginative purchase of the Arabo-Islamic female social world should be understood as politically informed, representing as it did the negative of the transparency deemed necessary to colonial control of territory, urban space, and indigenous popu- lations Grewal Colonial penetration was deep but la mission civilisatrice the civilizing mission largely rhetorical.

Tenacious gender norms are described as specific to Nablus, a traditional city, but also one at the centre of the nationalist struggle.

Although Chama has a forceful per- sonality, she cannot always impose her vision on her audience. By extension, postcolonial writing often answers the gaze, incorporating and reframing Orientalist painting and photography, as well as culturally specific structures of scopic apprehension.